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A document that provides requirements, specifications, guidelines or characteristics that can be used consistently to ensure that materials, products, processes and services are fit for their purpose. [International Organization for Standardization (ISO)] A Standard or Technical Standard includes all of the following:

a. common and repeated use of rules, conditions, guidelines or characteristics for products or related processes and production methods, and related management systems practices;

b. the definition of terms; classification of components; delineation of procedures; specification of dimensions, materials, performance, designs, or operations; measurement of quality and quantity in describing materials, processes, products, systems, services, or practices; test methods and sampling procedures; formats for information and communication exchange; or descriptions of fit and measurements of size or strength; and

c. terminology, symbols, packaging, marking or labeling requirements as they apply to a product, process, or production method.

A generic, all-encompassing term used to describe documents that provide a specified set of mandatory or discretionary rules, requirements, or conditions concerned with performance, design, operation, or measurements of quality to accomplish a specific task. Standards may include Federal laws, regulations, State laws, Federal agency directives, national and internal technical standards, codes of conduct, or even organizational "internal use only" documents.

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