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National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

A United States statute that was signed into law on January 1, 1970, to establish a national policy for the environment, to provide for the establishment of a Council on Environmental Quality, and for other purposes. This Act may be cited as the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969.

This act established the requirement for conducting environmental reviews of federal actions that have the potential for adverse impact on the human environment. NEPA requires that DOE perform an environmental review, with public participation, of proposed major federal actions that may have an impact on the human environment. This review usually results in an environmental assessment or environmental impact statement.

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